EVs: Reducing Ontario’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Categories: Big picture
Published on: May 30, 2015

Plug’n Drive / May 2015

EVs - Reducing ONs GHGsThis report examines five different electric vehicle (EV) growth scenarios to estimate potential greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions and illustrate how EVs can form a key part of Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan, which calls for GHG reductions of 15% below 1990 levels by 2020 and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050, or, 26.6 and 141.6 megatonnes (Mt) respectively.

An EV driver in Ontario can reduce their vehicle’s GHG emissions by 67-95% by switching from a comparable compact, full-size or mid-size gasoline car to an electric car. Plug’n Drive calculated the potential emission reductions and cost savings of the five scenarios. If Ontario were to achieve a 25% increase in EV sales to 2020, the Province would have more than 100,000 EVs on the road by 2050, reducing Ontario’s GHG emissions by as much as 9.19 megatonnes, or 6.5% of Ontario’s total reduction target for 2050. At the same time, EV owners would save a total of $4.4 billion on fuel costs.

The results of Plug’n Drive’s analysis confirm that EVs are one of Ontario’s best opportunities to reduce GHG emissions. By creating a robust set of EV friendly policies that include incentives for cars and charging stations, changes to key pieces of legislation (Building Code Act, 1992 and Condominium Act, 1998) and aggressive off-peak electricity pricing, the EV growth rate can be further accelerated, providing even more GHG emission reductions.